Saturday, May 23, 2020
Facts on George Washington Carver At the age of 14 George Washington Carver witnessed a black man being drug out into the streets to be hung and burned. At the time when African Americans were looked down upon George Washington Carver was a very successful with what he did in Ag and science. When George Washington Carver was a small child he was abandoned by his biological parents and left on the lawn of his adopted parents house. George Washington Carver had a rough childhood and he was looked down upon as a child He was almost mute as a child. As he got older he could talkk better. As an adult he had a lisp. A family friend of the Carver family gave George Washington Carver a spelling book. With that book he learned to read and write. He said it also helped him speak. His sister was almost beaten to death by night riders after the Civil War. Night riders were white men whose purpose was to scare and kill blacks. The night riders tried to hurt the Carver kids multiple times. When he became older he was very successful with the peanut. He invented peanut butter and many other peanut products. He made over three hundred peanut products. They include paints, stains, makeup and peanut butter. People now like both of those things. He only patented three of three hundreds of his inventions because he was very poor and could not pay to patented more the three of his three hundred of his inventions. #1,522,176, 1/6/1925, Cosmetics PlantShow MoreRelatedGeorge Washington Carver Difficult Path to Great Accomplishments565 Words Ã |Ã 2 Pages George Washington Carver was born on July 12, 1864, during the Civil War, in Diamond Grove, Missouri. He was one of many children born to Mary and Giles, an enslaved couple owned by Moses Carver. Just a week after his birth, George was kidnapped along with his sister and mother. All of the three were sold in Kentucky, and among them the only who was located was infant George by an agent of Moses Carver, whom then returned George back to Missouri. Moses Carver and his wife, Susan, keptRead More George Washington Carver Essay1774 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pages George Washington Carver was a African American scientist who showed many intriguing thoughts of nature throughout his life span of being one of the most dedicated scientist. George was born in Diamond Missouri, but his exact date of birth is not known by people. Never the less, one of the most remarkable inventors was born. Many people speculate that he was born sometime in January in 1964, while others believe he was born in June. George was born as a small and weak baby, and he had his firstRead MoreBenjamin Franklin And George Washington Carver1958 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesConstitution or finding new uses for a farm product, they all come together to benefit the history of the United States of America. Benjamin Franklin and George Washington Carver were one of many to succeed in such progression. They helped shape the United States through their outstanding accomplishments in their innovative ideas and values. Franklin and Carver were both intelligent and prolific scientist and inventors. They often focused their works on what they stood for. Both men shared the profound valueRead MoreThe Abolition Of Slavery By Francis Ellen Watkins Harper1059 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesmany things are happening in such a short period of time. African Americans are getting involved with experiencing their freedom. The U.S. Army creates a black cavalry and infantry regiments. One year later Congress gave blacks the right to vote in Washington, D.C. In 1870 the 15th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution is ratified, securing the right to vote for black adult males. Also for the first time, African Americans were listed by name in the U.S. Census. Francis Ellen Watkins Harper was a voiceRead MoreAfrican Americans During The Civil War1434 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesBooker T. Washington. Washington suggested African-American to obtain some type of training, whether it was vocational or industrial. With this training they would have the necessary skills to survive in the economy. George Washington Carver, another famous former slave, helped liberate most of the south from its dependence on cotton by persuading farmers to plant a variety of different seeds. Along with Booker T. Washington, Carver had minimal interest in the different racial politics. Washington andRead MoreEssay on Defense Of Slavery1108 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesthe slave holders were helping the Africans to achieve a better way of life. To this day, many of the descendants of former slaves still practice the Christianity that was forced upon them by their owners. Evidence of life being better here is the fact that many of the slaves chose not to return to Africa after the demise of slavery. nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;Living conditions for slaves in many instances were more than adequate. Slaves had talked of how slave masters would let slaves marryRead MoreChapter 31 Essential Questions Essay1072 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesthreat to American identity and culture in the prosperous 1920s? America was always seen as a country where it would be safe for immigration and immigrants from Europe to come to make a living. While immigration had always been open for generations, in fact, since the United States was born, people started to resent immigrants because they started to take jobs away from normal citizens, and also because of just plain racism. People wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t like Japanese, Chinese, Italians, Irish, etc. As for assimilationRead MoreIntegrating Technology Into The Classroom Instruction1159 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pageswere assessed by completing 5 6 in the WB. Directions were to fill in the blank with the correct word that makes the facts true about Rosa Parks. On page 6 they completed the graphic organizer adding 4 facts about Rosa Parks for 80% accuracy. Lesson 3: Students will be assessed by completing page 9 in the WB. Directions were to read the passage and determine if the given facts are true or false with 80% accuracy. Lesson 4: Students will underline or circle the correct answer to questions askedRead MoreApush Chapter 25 Study Guide1276 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesand evil. The emphasis on material gains worried many. A new generation of urban revivalists stepped in, including people likeÃ Dwight Lyman Moody, a man who proclaimed the gospel of kindness and forgiveness and adapted the old-time religion to the facts of city life. TheÃ Moody Bible InstituteÃ was founded in Chicago in 1889 and continued working well after his 1899 death. Roman Catholic and Jewish faiths were also gaining many followers with the new immigration. Cardinal GibbonsÃ was popular with RomanRead MoreChildhood Memories Of Childhood865 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages or be dead by the age of eighteen. In fact, much of my early childhood memories consist of neighborhood kids losing their lives, police brutality, and individuals that had mental health issues that often went untreated. Although, I was a young girl who was surrounded b y poverty, the challenges and experiences that I have gone through have shaped my identity and perspective on life. When I entered into the third grade, I attended George Washington Carver elementary school. Being at a new school
Tuesday, May 12, 2020
Women Progressing Over the years, some may argue that literature has progressed into a better manner or for the worst. In British literature, motifs vary throughout the multiple time periods, such as the Anglo-Saxon Era, Medieval Era, to the Age of Reason period; moreover, motifs have changed out of the regular and accustomed angelic Christian that has to repent and believe in God. British literature begins to introduce a new archetype for women that writers follow in stories by describing them with motherly characteristics and taboo ideas in texts, such as the epic poem, Beowulf, Geoffrey ChaucerÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"The Wife of BathÃ¢â¬â¢s PrologueÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"The Wife of BathÃ¢â¬â¢s TaleÃ¢â¬ in The Canterbury Tales, and the play named The BeggarÃ¢â¬â¢s Opera, which brings forth the idea of what is morally acceptable characteristics for women in literature and why writers portray women as antagonist or protagonist with misunderstood and compelling roles. The idea that follows as a pattern within these four texts is how people categorize and standardize the way women should behave. It is best to keep an open mind and to try and travel throughout the time periods that these four works are in. First, in the epic poem, Beowulf, GrendelÃ¢â¬â¢s mother is depicted as a monster and evil because, Ã¢â¬Å"this force for evil driven / to avenge her kinsman s deathÃ¢â¬ (lines 1339-1340). GrendelÃ¢â¬â¢s motherÃ¢â¬â¢s actions to avenge her son is characterized as evil and is what gives her the role of an antagonist and monster; however, it is onlyShow MoreRelatedWilliam Chaucer s Wife Of Bath s Tale1523 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesshared code that dictates how one should act in any possible situation that may arise. While embarking on their epic journeys, knights are often put through trials that test the strength they have to uphold the Knightly Code. In Geoffrey ChaucerÃ¢â¬â¢s Wife of BathÃ¢â¬â¢s Tale, the nameless knight disregards his du ty to the Knightly Code in several instances throughout the tale. The knight in question is brought into ArthurÃ¢â¬â¢s court labeled with charges of rape. Posed a question by the queen the knight wasRead MoreGender Stereotypes : Macbeth And The Wife Of Bath1515 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesfemale, some authors such as William Shakespeare and Geoffrey Chaucer challenged this by describing the female characters as strong and ambitious characters. Not only challenging the sexual stereotypes that existed in both time periods, Geoffrey Chaucer and William Shakespeare also enabled the female characters both in Macbeth and The Wife of Bath exploit their sexuality to obtain the balance of power. Female characters in Macbeth and The Wife of Bath challenged the traits of stereotypicalRead MoreThe Fight For Gender Equality Essay1357 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pageswomen within Chaucer and Shakespeare s literary work while keeping the historical, Middle Ages and Renaissance, time periods in mind. More Specifically, Ã¢â¬Å"The Wife of BathÃ¢â¬â¢s Prologue,Ã¢â¬ by Chaucer and Ã¢â¬Å"As You Like It,Ã¢â¬ by William Shakespeare will be examined. In doing so, the essay will uncover, not only the role of women within the poems, but the feminist aspects Chaucer and Shakespeare contain within both of their poems, and the progressive views certain characters had within Ã¢â¬Å"The Wife of BathÃ¢â¬â¢s PrologueRead MoreWilliam Shakespeare s Othello And The Canterbury Tales Essay1369 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesIn William ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s novel, Ã¢â¬Å"OthelloÃ¢â¬ and in Geoffrey ChaucerÃ¢â¬â¢s novel, The Canterbury Tales, include women throughout both novels. The novel, Oth ello is written in 1603 and The Canterbury Tales is written in the 1400Ã¢â¬â¢s, during the late Middle Ages. Women during the Late Middle Ages and the early Modern Period were portrayed differently then how women are portrayed today. Typically, during this time period of 1400-1600Ã¢â¬â¢s, women roles during this time was weak. Women were only allowed to listenRead MoreEssay about Chaucers Wife of Bath2474 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesChaucers Wife of Bath Before beginning any discussion on ChaucerÃ¢â¬â¢s Wife of Bath, one must first recognize that, as critic Elaine Treharne writes, Ã¢â¬Å"Critical response to the Wife of Bath has been as diverse as it has been emotiveÃ¢â¬ (2). Some critics love the Wife of Bath and her controversial prologue, proclaiming that she is a woman of strength and powerful words; others hate her and cover the eyes of younger girls, determined that Wife of Bath is instead a role model of what women should notRead MoreGeoffrey Chaucer s Impact On Literature1231 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesGeoffrey ChaucerÃ¢â¬â¢s Impact on Literature: English poet Geoffrey Chaucer is acclaimed to be one of the best and most influential poets in history. Geoffrey Chaucer wrote several famous literary works in what is called middle English. Geoffrey Chaucer was born in 1340 in London, England. Over the course of ChaucerÃ¢â¬â¢s life, he entered and exited several different social classes. He began to write his most known pieces when he became a public servant to Countess Elizabeth of Ulster in 1357. He diedRead More Contradictions in Chaucers The Canterbury Tales Essay3897 Words Ã |Ã 16 PagesMadame Eglentine, Chaucer?s Prioress, demonstrates an excellent example of the clash between divergent values. In many ways, her description in the General Prologue personifies the model medieval woman: religious, elegant, innocent, loving and sentimental. Yet clearly there is a vast contrast between her description and the vicious, anti-Semitic account of the young boy mutilated in the Ghetto. It is this contrast which points out the ?binaries? or opposites which make up the Prioress?s character. HerRead More The Controversial Margery Kempe Essay4134 Words Ã |Ã 17 Pagesgrace. Others had a religious perspective, immersing themselves in Gods work on earth. One such woman was Margery Kempe, a fifteenth-century visionary who was widely criticized as being a heretic and worshipper of Satan. Kempe set aside her roles as wife and mother to pursue what she felt was her true calling: preaching Gods Word. Labeled a religious mystic by some, Margery was a highly controversial figure in late medieval England. Not only was her public behavior deemed ridiculous and motivatedRead MoreA Picatrix Miscellany52019 Words Ã |Ã 209 PagesTrithemius in Book 2 of his notorious Steganographia (1500) and in his Antipalus Maleficiorum (c. 1500). One copy (British Library, Sloane manuscript 3679) passed down from Simon Forman (d. 1611) to Richard Napier (d. 1634) to Elias Ashmole (d. 1692) to William Lilly (d. 1681). E.M. Butler wr ongly associates it with Gio. Peccatrix, (no doubt a pseudonym) who edited an Italian version of the Key of Solomon (British Library, Sloane manuscript 1307). Misled by some comments by Mathers and others, Dr. Butler
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Insomnia is a symptom, not a stand-alone diagnosis or a disease. By definition, insomnia isÃ¢â¬ difficulty initiating or maintaining sleep, or bothÃ¢â¬ or the perception of poor quality sleep. It is also a common sleep problem that can affect your quality of life. We will write a custom essay sample on Insomnia and Its Causes or any similar topic only for you Order Now Poeple with insomnia have trouble falling asleep or staying asleep. They wake up during the night or wake up too early next morning. Insomnia may therefore be due to inadequate quality sleep. Insomnia is not defined by a specific number of hours of sleep that one gets, since individuals vary widely in their sleep needs and practices. Although most of us know what insomnia is and how we feel and perform after one or more sleepless nights, few seek medical advice. Many people remain unaware of the behavioral and medical options available to treat insomnia. Insomnia is generally classified based on the duration of the problem. These are the transcient, short-term and chronic insomnia. Insomnia affects all age groups. Among adults, insomnia affects women more often than men. The incidence tends to increase with age. It is typically more common in people in lower socioeconomic (income) groups, chronic alcoholics, and mental health patients. Stress most commonly triggers short-term or acute insomnia. If you do not address your insomnia, however, it may develop into chronic insomnia. Some surveys have shown that 30% to 35% of Americans reported difficulty falling asleep during the previous year and about 10% reported problems with long standing insomnia. There also seems to be an association between depression, anxiety and insomnia. Although the nature of this association is unknown, people with depression or anxiety were significantly more likely to develop insomnia. Insomnia may be caused by a host of different reasons. These causes may be divided into situational factors, medical or psychiatric conditions or primary sleep problems. Insomnia could also be classified by the duration of the symptoms into transient insomnia generally last less than seven days; short-term insomnia usually lasts for about one to three weeks, and chronic insomnia lasts for more than three weeks as mentioned earlier. The various causes of insomnia are elaborated in the paragraphs below. Many of the causes of the causes of transient and short-term insomnia are similar and they include: jet lag, changes in shift work, excessive or unpleasant noise, comfortable room temperature(too hot or too cold),stressful situations in life(exam preparation, loss of a loved one ,unemployment ,divorce ,or separation),presence of an acute medical or surgical illness or hospitalization and withdrawal from drug, alcohol, sedative, or stimulant medications. Also insomnia related to high altitude (mountains), uncontrolled physical Symptoms (pain, fever, breathing problems, nasal congestions, cough, diarrhea, etc. ) can also cause someone to have insomnia. Controlling these symptoms and their underlying causes may lead to resolution of insomnia. Furthermore, majority of the causes of chronic or long-term insomnia are usually linked to an underlying psychiatric or physiologic (medical) condition. Again, the most common psychological problems that may lead insomnia include:anxiety,depression,stress(mental,emotional,situational,etc. ,schizophrenia,and/or mania(bipolar disorder). Nevertheless, insomnia may be an indicator of depression. Many people will have insomnia during the acute phases of a mental illness. As mentioned earlier, depression and anxiety are strongly associated with insomnia. Out of all the other secondary medical and psychological causes of insomnia, anxiety and depression are the most common. Also, physiological causes spa n from circadian rhythm disorders (disturbances of the biological clock), sleep-wake imbalance, to a variety of medical conditions. The following are the most common medical conditions that trigger insomnia: chronic pain syndromes, chronic fatigue syndrome, congestive heart failure, night time angina(chest pain)from heart disease, acid reflux disease(GERD),Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary disease(COPD) and nocturnal asthma(asthma with night time breathing symptoms). Others include: obstructive sleep apnea, degenerated disease, such as ParkinsonÃ¢â¬â¢s disease and AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s disease(often insomnia is the deciding factor for nursing home placement. and brain tumors, strokes, or trauma to the brain. In addition to people with the above medical conditions, certain groups may be at higher risk for developing insomnia: travelers, shift workers with frequent changing of shifts, seniors, adolescents or young adultÃ¢â¬â¢s students, pregnant women, women in menopause, people who use abuse drugs and alcoholics. Another area worth mentioning is the medication related to insomnia. Certain medications have also been a ssociated with insomnia. Among these are: certain over-the-counter cold and asthma preparations, the prescription varieties of these medications may also contain stimulants and thus produce similar effects on sleep, some medications used to treat high blood pressure have also been associated with poor sleep and some medications used to treat depression, anxiety and schizophrenia. Other causes of insomnia are common stimulants associated with poor sleep include caffeine and nicotine. You should consider not only restricting caffeine and nicotine use in the hours immediately before bedtime but limiting your total daily intake. Also, people often use alcohol to help induce sleep, as a nightcap. However, it is a poor choice. Alcohol is associated with sleep disruption and creates a sense of non-refreshed sleep in the morning. Lastly, a disruptive bed partner with loud snoring or periodic leg movements also may impair your ability to get a good nightÃ¢â¬â¢s sleep. In spite of the above stated points doctors associate a variety of signs and symptoms with insomnia. Often, the symptoms intertwine with those of other medical or mental conditions. They are: some people with insomnia may complain of difficulty falling asleep or waking up frequently during the night. The problem may begin with stress. Then, as you begin to associate the bed with your inability to sleep, the problem may become chronic. Also most often daytime symptoms will bring people to seek medical attention. Daytime problems caused by insomnia include the following: poor concentration and focus, difficulty with memory, impaired motor coordination (being uncoordinated), irritability and impaired social interaction and motor vehicle accidents because of fatigued, sleep-deprived drivers. Other symptoms may include: having trouble falling asleep, waking up during the night and having trouble going back to sleep, waking up too early in the morning, feeling tired when they wake up(like didnÃ¢â¬â¢t get enough sleep) and feeling grouchy, sleep, or anxious and be unable to get things done during the daytime. People may worsen these daytime symptoms by their own attempts to treat the symptoms; alcohol and antihistamines may compound the problems with sleep deprivation. Others have also tried non prescription sleep aids. Many people with insomnia do not complain of daytime sleepiness, and in fact, they may have difficulty falling asleep during intentional daytime naps. In diagnosing insomnia, the health practitioner will begin an evaluation of insomnia with a complete medical history. As with most medical examinations; a complete medical history and physical examination are import aspects of assessment and treatment of insomnia. The health care practitioner will seek to identify any medical or psychological illness that may be contributing to the patientÃ¢â¬â¢s insomnia. A thorough medical history and examination including screening for psychiatric disorders and drug and alcohol use is paramount in evaluation of a patient with sleep problems. Physical examination may particularly focus on heart and lung examination, and measurement of size of the neck and visualizing oral and nasal air passages(to see whether sleep apnea needs to be assessed in more detail). Treatment for insomnia focuses on the reason why you donÃ¢â¬â¢t sleep well. In general, transient insomnia resolves when the underlying trigger is removed or corrected. Most people seek medical attention when their insomnia becomes chronic. The main focus of treatment for insomnia should be directed towards finding the cause. Once a cause is identified, it is important to manage and control the underlying problem, as this alone may eliminate the insomnia without addressing the main cause is rarely successful. If you have a medical problem, such as stress, treating that problem may help you sleep better. You may be able to sleep better by making some small changes. It may help to: go to bed at the same time each night, get up at the same time each day, avoid caffeine and alcohol for several hours before bedtime, get regular exercise (but make sure you finish the exercise at least 3 to 4 hours before you go to bed) and avoid daytime naps. Some people may need medicine for a while to help them fall asleep. Doctors often prescribe medicine for a short time if other treatment isnÃ¢â¬â¢t working. But medicine doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t work as well over time as lifestyle and behavior changes do. Sleep medicine can also become habit-forming. Medicine works best as a short-term treatment combined with lifestyle and behavior changes. Your doctor may also recommend counseling, which can help you learn new habits that may help you sleep better. Talk to your doctor about your sleep problems and any other health issues you may have. This is important, because lack of sleep can lead to depression, accidents, and problems at work, marital and social problems, drinking more alcohol than usual and poor health. Treatment may help you avoid these problems and feel better. Generally, treatment of insomnia entails both non-pharmacologic (non-medical) and pharmacologic (medical) aspects. It is best to tailor treatment for individual patient based on the potential cause. Studies have shown that combining medical and non-medical treatments typically is more successful in treating insomnia than either one alone. In a nutshell, I would advise that if you have insomnia caused by jet lag, your symptoms will generally clear up within a few days. If you are depressed and have had insomnia for many months, it is unlikely that your symptoms will go away on their own. Your outcome will also depend on coexisting medical conditions, which may include congestive heart ailure, chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD), and chronic pain syndromes. Synonyms and keywords Sleeplessness, stress, anxiety, depression, sleepless, chronic insomnia, acute insomnia, mental illness, sleep habits, insomniac, insomnia, difficulty sleeping, sleep, disorders that disrupt sleep, difficulty falling asleep, primary insomnia, sleep test, obstructive sleep apnea, insomnia medications, daytime sleep iness, melatonin, jet lag, shift change. Authors and Editors Author: Siamak T. Nabili(2010),MD,MPH Editor: Melissa Conrad Stoppler, MD Reference: eMedicine. Com. Insomnia. http://emedicine. edscape. com/article/1187829-overview Previous contributing authors and editors: Author: Mary E. Cataletto, MD, Associate Director, Division of Pediatric Pulmonology, Winthrop University Hospital; Associate Professor, Department of Clinical Pediatrics, State University of New York at Stony Brook, et al. Other works consulted: * Littner M, et al. (2003). Practice parameters for using polysomnography to evaluate insomnia: An update. Sleep, 26(6):754-760. * Ropper AH, Samuels MA (2009). Sleep and its abnormalities. In Adams and VictorÃ¢â¬â¢s principles of Neurology, 9th ed. , pp. 374-396. New York: McGraw-Hill. How to cite Insomnia and Its Causes, Essay examples
Saturday, May 2, 2020
Gulivers Travels Part Two Essay After only a brief stay with his family, Gulliver returns to the sea as a surgeon. The ship is blown off course by a storm in the Pacific Ocean east of Japan and a shore party in an unknown country abandons Gulliver. He finds himself in Brobdingnag where the inhabitants are sixty feet tall. After being captured and exhibited for money by a farmer, Gulliver becomes a prized possession of the royal court. One of the two main story lines in his part is Gullivers many misadventures due to his size; menaced by wasps, a frog, birds, a monkey, and a jealous court dwarf. The other thread centers on Gullivers interviews with the King, who questions him about all aspects of the rest of the world. Gulliver recounts these discussions to show the Kings narrow understanding but instead proves the Kings judgment to be very sharp. After hearing the state of affairs in Europe, he concludes we are a Race of little odious Vermin. Gulliver escapes when an eagle carries away his box and drops him into th e sea where he is rescued by an English ship and returned home. Some very important themes that the reader may have picked up on can be very helpful. One of these themes is that no matter How small something is, it is not inferior. Gulliver stayed with the Lilliputians for a very long time. The fact that they were only six Inches tall did not mean that he could do anything he wanted around or to them. Another theme that the reader should have got is that no matter how large something is; it still has to have a small amount of brains. The giants in the second part were very tall, but nowhere did the book say that they were very smart. There was a large amount of satire to be observed in this section of the novel. One of the many things would be the direct relation to lack of food in his country versus the amount of food eaten by the queen. He states she takes up in one mouth full more than 6 English farmers could eat in a meal. He states also that the site of this makes him nauseous and sick to his stomach.
Tuesday, March 24, 2020
Introduction There have been a lot of contention in regard to how life came into being. Christians and other religious groups have maintained that creation was done by God as described by the Bible and other holy books. Christians have stuck to the genesis account of creation with some modifying it to suit their respective doctrines and disciplinary influences.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Creation: Truth and Myth specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Many conservative Christian groups regard the myths of creation that appear in the initial parts of genesis to be literally correct (Frigge, 2009). They do not doubt that it was conducted by God in six days. Many believe that creation was actually done by God exactly as it is described in the Bible and this actually took place circa 4004 BCE as worked out by Bishop Ussher (Frigge, 2009). Other groups of conservative Christians have tried to bring together the genesis creation version with findings in science. They, therefore, believe that God created the Earth and all that is in it; in addition, they believe that the Earth is billions of years old (Frigge, 2009). Most liberal Christian groups simply reject the inerrancy described by the Bible (Halbur, 2007). They point out the fact the individuals who wrote genesis existed in pre-scientific times. Even elementary geology, cosmology, astronomy and biology were far much beyond their knowledge (Frigge, 2009). This group of Christians tends to accept the creation stories described in genesis as imaginative creative works that have no bearing on reality or myths derived from earlier Mesopotamian creation stories that were re-worked by the ancient Israelites (Halbur, 2007). This paper seeks to describe creation truths and myths as described in different written Christian interpretations. The paper will greatly refer to two written works, the Saint MaryÃ¢â¬â¢s Press College Study Bible and the Frigge Ã¢â¬â¢s textbook, The Beginning Biblical Studies. References will also be made from the Ã¢â¬Å"book of GenesisÃ¢â¬ (Frigge, 2009). Genesis creation narrative The creation myth is found in the beginning of the book, in the first chapters. The first chapter describes how God created the whole world within six days through divine speech. The creation included mankind on the sixth day and rested on the seventh day (Frigge, 2009). The second chapter of genesis describes the identity of God as the Ã¢â¬Å"God of IsraelÃ¢â¬ creating the first man named Adam, placing him in the Garden of Eden and making the first woman Eve from his rib (Halbur, 2007).Advertising Looking for essay on religion theology? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Basically, the creation narrative is composed of these two parts that form the initial two chapters of the Bible. While the second part of genesis is a simple narrative that picks from the formatio n of the first man in the Garden of Eden to the creation of the first woman and the establishment of the institution of marriage, the first part of genesis stands out due to its organization (Halbur, 2007). The chapter is organized in eight instances of creation that supposedly took place over a six day period. In the first three days of the creation, according to the first chapter of Genesis, God conducted three important divisions. During the first day, he separated darkness from light, on the second day, he separated the waters below from the waters above and, on the third day, he separated the sea from land (Frigge, 2009). According to Frigge, in the next three days, God creates the stars and the sun, creates fish and fowl in the seas and skies respectively (2009). On the last day, he creates land animals which include mankind. Genesis story as a myth It is important to note that myths have varied origins. Many of them are usually fictional but there are some that are based on e vents that actually took place. Myths, whether fictional or based on actual events are used for different purposes such as explaining things that cannot be explained, to convey religious messages or to keep a group together (Frigge, 2009). Several texts give an explanation of how a myth develops from a historical event that actually took place. They state that major events that took place in the history of a community are retold and retold to different generations. Eventually, the stories take a deeper level giving rise to a myth. One such myth is the story of exodus (Frigge, 2009). There have been a lot of controversy surrounding the issue of whether creation is a myth or the truth or whether what is written in genesis is what really took place or it was engineered to suit the needs of the time. Indeed, many contemporary biblical scholars have asserted that the first major comprehensive draft of the Pentateuch (five books beginning with Genesis to Deuteronomy) were written in the l ate 7th or 6th century BC by the Jahwist source and they were later expanded to incorporate additional narratives and laws from the Priestly source to create the work we have today (Halbur, 2007).Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Creation: Truth and Myth specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More In the view of these contemporary scholars, the purpose was to come up with a monotheistic creation version in opposition to the polytheistic myth that was being advanced Babylon (Frigge, 2009). In the FriggeÃ¢â¬â¢s text book Ã¢â¬Å"Beginning Bible StudiesÃ¢â¬ , the challenges faced by the priestly group are clearly outlined. The priestly was at pains to create a writing that would sound well for reestablished but struggling Jews who were just returning after spending more than a century in exile. These people had gone through enough trouble with their creator (Frigge, 2009). In setting out to do their work, the priestly had t o put into consideration the kind of people they were writing for, their questions and their needs at that time. The priestly group had to devise a writing that would resonate well with them and lead them back to the ways of God. The priestly redactor decided to create a chronological account of the salvation history that would teach the present and future generations the fundamental beliefs about their God (Halbur, 2007). The chronological account had to have a beginning and, thus, the need for a creation myth. This was important in order to address the people of Israel particularly in regard to the situation they were in at that time. Thus, the creation myth in Genesis was purely designed to deal with questions that could have been raised by the people (Frigge, 2009). The truths in the creation myth The book of Genesis has two creation stories that fit into one narrative (Halbur, 2007). It is said that the words translated in English do capture the full meaning that was in the Heb rew language. This is due to the fact that the Hebrew language uses verb tenses that cannot be found in the English language. Other words in the Hebrew language are only used in conversations or writings that are related to God. For instance, the bara refers to creation that is done only by God but English does not have such word that describes creations done by God alone. This implies that the myth of creation contained in Genesis has a deeper meaning when described in Hebrew (Frigge, 2009).Advertising Looking for essay on religion theology? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Indeed, the myth of creation contains hidden truths that apply to the everyday life. It is also important to note that the translation of the Bible from Hebrew to English led to a significant lose in the meaning. For instance, creation is popularly associated with the creation of Adam and Eve but a closer analysis of the Bible reveals that it does not feature prominently in the first three chapters of the book of Genesis. Another major misconstruction can be seen by carefully reading chapter 1:27 which states that Ã¢â¬Å"God created man in his image, in the divine image he created him; male and female he created themÃ¢â¬ (Frigge, 2009). This verse seems to be grammatically wrong it was wrongly translated from the Hebrew language. For English, the word Ã¢â¬Å"manÃ¢â¬ can stand for the male sex or whole human race (Halbur, 2007). In Hebrew, there are two distinct words. Ish refers to a male person while Adam is more commonly used to refer to humankind. Thus, the use of Adam in t he book of Genesis simply implies that God created and continues to create the Human race. There is evidence that in ancient Hebrew, the word Adam was used to symbolize all human beings. Thus, in saying that Ã¢â¬Å"God created AdamÃ¢â¬ , the statement refers to the creation of all human kind (Frigge, 2009). On the other hand, the symbolic meaning of the name Ã¢â¬Å"EveÃ¢â¬ can be found in Genesis 3:20. It refers to the mother of all (Halbur, 2007). The story of Adam and Eve is usually introduced to people from an early age. The story usually remains ever present in oneÃ¢â¬â¢s mind through to adulthood. Scholars have pointed out that this wonderful story can have very serious consequences on a personÃ¢â¬â¢s spiritual health. They warn that the story should not be taken for its literal meaning. For instance, in the first chapter of Genesis, man and woman are created simultaneously but, in the second chapter, the woman is created later (Frigge, 2009). Indeed, the two versions cannot be taken to be literally true. They are simply used to reflect on the human condition. The story of Adam and Eve in the book of Genesis has been taken literally by many putting people in an awkward relationship with God. Many people who take the story literally think that the story proclaims subservience of women to man (Halbur, 2007). The story seeks to establish the fact that no human being can exist on his/her own. Another controversial issue that comes up in the creation myth is the statement that humankind, male and female, is created in the divine image of God (Frigge, 2009). Christianity forbids humans from comparing anything o God. It is, thus, not always accepted that humans were created in the same way as God. Biblical scholars are still debating to identify the precise meaning of this statement. Many have sought assistance from the book of psalms. In psalms 8:6, God is praised for creating humans a bit less than God, crowned with glory and honor (Frigge, 2009). It is important to note that in Hebrew language, an equivalent of the word glory (kabod) is often used to refer to God. But, in this verse, it is applied to humans too. The word kabod or Ã¢â¬Å"gloryÃ¢â¬ refers to the manifestation of God that is visible (Frigge, 2009). The book of psalms indicates that in a way God shares his divine nature with humankind. Thus, the statement that humans were created in the image of God implies that there is a part of God that is shared with humankind. According to the scriptures, the main purpose that humans serve on Earth is to manifest the presence of God. The statement that humans were created in the image of God was evidently applied by the Priestly redactor to contrast the Israel religious beliefs from that of Babylon (Frigge, 2009). In the Babylon creation myth, human beings are created in order to serve Gods just the same way as slaves serve their masters (Halbur, 2007). The myth of creation also talks of human beings giving care to other hu mans and all other living things. An in-depth analysis of this finding shows that God involves human beings in his creation work. Thus, man acts as a co-creator with God and also with other humans. These studies show that woman and man corporate to give the breath from God the creator to new life. The creation of a woman out of the manÃ¢â¬â¢s ribs has long been held as implying that women are subordinate to men. However, the careful study of the book of Genesis with apparent reference to the Hebrew language show that this belief falls (Halbur, 2007). In the first book of Genesis, God instructs humankind to have dominion over all plants and animals. Many Christians have taken this to mean that human beings can exercise power over plants and animals in any way they feel necessary. When this call to human beings to exercise dominion is analyzed in Hebrew, it means something quite different. In ancient Israel, the human king was like GodÃ¢â¬â¢s representative on Earth and, therefore , he was required to rule in the same way as God. In regard to this, the call to Ã¢â¬Å"have dominionÃ¢â¬ implies that the ruler should direct all living things to exist in a peaceful, harmonious and justified manner. Therefore, GodÃ¢â¬â¢s call to Adam to have dominion over plants and animals did not imply that human beings should manipulate other creatures in whatever way they deem necessary (Halbur, 2007). The call was intended to mean that human beings should act as GodÃ¢â¬â¢s representatives on Earth and ensure that everything is moving in the right direction. Thus, in as much as humans are required to depend on God at any given moment, they have the power to rule over other animals. They are simply created to assist God and represent him on Earth. This description of the creation of human beings and their purpose is seen in the first story of creation. The first story is often thought to have been sourced from Priestly own writing tradition. Priestly must have seen this account of creation to be incomplete (Frigge, 2009). They must have taken a look at how the relationship between God and Israel had changed over the years. Priestly saw that the relationship described in the first chapter of Genesis had not materialized. The initial plan that God for humanity had failed and so Priestly had to create another myth. According to Frigge, the second story or myth was sourced from the Jewish tradition and it told of how God had made man out of clay from the ground then blew into his nostrils the breath of life (2009). In genesis 2:7, the Bible describes how God formed humans out of Earth. In Hebrew, the word used to represent the wind that God blew into Adams nostrils can be used to mean wind, breath or spirit. Thus, Adam only becomes a living human after he has been infused with the spirit/breath (Frigge, 2009). The symbolic meaning of this is to portray human beings as being complex combinations of very different things. The divine part of humans can be regarded to be GodÃ¢â¬â¢s own spirit. Human beings can also be described as weak earthly creatures. But human beings forget that they should depend on God for life and more often they put themselves at the same level as God (Halbur, 2007). Conclusion This paper sought to describe creation truths and myths as described in different written Christian interpretations. It has been established that the two first chapters of the book of Genesis are made of two contrasting myths that describe how God created man kind and all other things. However, things accounts are only contrasting when the literal meaning is taken. Deeper analysis, with a lot of support from the original Hebrew language, establishes the real meaning of these creation myths. References Frigge, M. (2009). Beginning Biblical Studies. Winona: Anselm Academic. Halbur, V. (2007). Saint MaryÃ¢â¬â¢s Press College Study Bible. Winona: Saint MaryÃ¢â¬â¢s. This essay on Creation: Truth and Myth was written and submitted by user Leonel P. to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.
Friday, March 6, 2020
'Star-Spangled Banner' in Spanish Translation Works of literature can be especially hard to translate well, as the majesty of the language and connotations of certain words can be lost. That is especially true of songs, where the rhythm and poetry of the original language can be lost as well. But that doesnt keep translators from trying. No fewer than four translators have made serious, recognized attempts to translate The Star-Spangled Banner, although not all have tried to make the words singable. How well did they do? Judge for yourself: Traducido por Francis Haffkine Snow, 1919 Amanece: Ã ¿no veis, a la luz de la aurora,Lo que tanto aclamamos la noche al caer?Sus estrellas, sus barras flotaban ayerEn el fiero combate en seÃ ±al de victoria,Fulgor de cohetes, de bombas estruendo,Por la noche decÃ an: !Se va defendiendo! Coro:!Oh, decid! Ã ¿Despliega aÃ ºn su hermosura estrellada,Sobre tierra de libres, la bandera sagrada? En la costa lejana que apenas blanquea,Donde yace nublada la hueste ferozSobre aquel precipicio que elÃ ©vase atrozÃ ¡Oh, decidme! Ã ¿QuÃ © es eso que en la brisa ondea?Se oculta y flamea, en el alba luciendo,Reflejada en la mar, donde va resplandeciendo Coro:!AÃ ºn allÃ desplegÃ ³ su hermosura estrellada,Sobre tierra de libres, la bandera sagrada! Ã ¡Oh asÃ sea siempre, en lealtad defendamosNuestra tierra natal contra el torpe invasor!A Dios quien nos dio paz, libertad y honor,Nos mantuvo naciÃ ³n, con fervor bendigamos.Nuestra causa es el bien, y por eso triunfamos.Siempre fue nuestro lema Ã ¡En Dios confiamos! Coro:!Y desplegar su hermosura estrellada,Sobre tierra de libres, la bandera sagrada! Traductor desconocido Oh, decidme, Ã ¿veis a la primera luz de la auroraLa que izamos con orgullo al Ã ºltimo rayo del crepÃ ºsculo,Cuyas anchas bandas y brillantes estrellas, en la fiera luchaContemplamos ondeando gallardas sobre las murallas? El resplandor rojizo de los cohetes y el fragor de las bombasProbaban que por la noche nuestra bandera aÃ ºn estaba allÃ .Oh, decidme, Ã ¿flota todavÃ a la enseÃ ±a estrellada y listadaSobre la tierra de los libres y la patria de los valientes? En la costa apenas perceptible entre las nieblas del marDonde la altiva hueste enemiga reposa en temeroso silencio,Ã ¿QuÃ © es lo que la brisa al soplar oculta en parteY en parte descubre su elevado pedestal? Ahora recibe el destello del primer rayo matutinoReflejado en todo su esplendor, y ahora se destaca en el aireÃ ¡Es la enseÃ ±a estrellada y listada! Que ondee largos aÃ ±osSobre la tierra de los libres y la patria de los valientes. Ã ¿Y dÃ ³nde est aquella banda que engreÃ da jurabaQue el torbellino de la guerra y la confusiÃ ³n del combateNos privarÃ a para siempre de patria y hogar?La sangre ha lavado la mancha de sus pasos desleales. NingÃ ºn refugio pudo salvar al mercenario y al esclavoDel terror de la fuga o de la lobreguez del sepulcro.Y la enseÃ ±a estrellada y listada ondea triunfanteSobre la tierra de los libres y la patria de los valientes. AsÃ sea siempre, cuando los hombres libres se interponganEntre sus amados hogares y la desolaciÃ ³n de la guerra:En la victoria y la paz, este paÃ s, socorrido por el cielo,Alabe al Poder que nos creÃ ³ y conservÃ ³ como NaciÃ ³n. Hemos de triunfar, pues nuestra causa es tan justa,Y sea nuestra divisa: Ã ¡En Dios est nuestra confianza!Y la bandera estrellada y listada flotar triunfanteSobre la tierra de los libres y la patria de los valientes. Traducido por Manuel Fernndez Juncos El dÃ a renace y alegra la auroraTransmite al oriente su vivo color,Ã ¿No ves la bandera que ayer saludamosAl Ã ºltimo tenue reflejo del sol?Ondeaba en el muro durante la luchaDe franjas y estrellas luciendo el matiz. Y al fuego rojizo de bombas marcialesLa vimos de noche tremolando allÃ . Ã ¿QuÃ © es eso que al aire se agita y flamea,AllÃ sobre el monte cercano al marCual signo que anuncia cordial despedidaAl fuerte enemigo que triste se va?Ã ¡Es nuestra bandera!El sol de la gloria la envuelve y la baÃ ±a en vÃ vida luz. Mirad como ahora se extiende arroganteMostrando su blanco, su rojo y su azul. La turba enemiga que en local jactanciaJurÃ ³ despojarnos de patria y hogarÃ ¿A dÃ ³nde se ha ido?Ya cruza las olas;Se siente pequeÃ ±a donde hay libertad.Ã ¡Que asÃ siempre sea; cuando un pueblo dignoEl yugo sacude de fiera opresiÃ ³n! Ã ¡El cielo liberte los pueblos que luchanSi es justa su causa y esperan en Dios! La paz y el trabajo propicios nos haganLlegar a la meta de nuestro deber..Llevando por guÃ as la ciencia y la gloriaLlevando por lema virtud y poder.De estrellas y franjas la noble banderaMantÃ ©ngase libre de mancha y baldÃ ³n. Y alcemos al cielo, por nuestra victoriaDe pueblos honrados la grata oraciÃ ³n. Traducido por Guillermo F. Hall Oh, decid: Ã ¿podeis ver, al rayar de la aurora loQue vimos anoche orgullosos flotar?La estrellada bandera, tremolando altanera, encumbrada enLa torre y excitando luchar!Y a la luz de la roja, fulgurante centella, laBandera ondeaba, ondeaba ms bella;Y a travÃ ©s de la densa humareda inflamada,Con quÃ © orgullo miramos la bandera ondear! Ã ¡El pendÃ ³n de la Patria, la bandera estrellada,Encumbrada en la almena convidando a luchar! Oh! decid, Ã ¿todavÃ a contemplais la bandera,La estrellada bandera,Sobre suelo de libres que defienden su hogar? A travÃ ©s de la niebla, de la mar a la orillaIracundo enemigo nos atisba a marchar.Ã ¿QuÃ © es aquello que ondula, que flamea y simulaUn enjambre de estrellas refulgiendo en el mar?Ya del alba recoge la primer llamarada;Ya se oculta en la niebla, ya aparece inflamada;Ya ostentando sus glorias se refleja en el rÃ o;Ya sus franjas y estrellas nos deslumbran al par. Ã ¡El pendÃ ³n de la Patria, tremolando bravioY flamenado en la almena nos incita a luchar! Ã ¡El pendÃ ³n de la Patria, la estrellada bandera,Tremolando altaneraSobre suelo de libres que defienden su hogar! Ã ¿DÃ ³nde est la falange enemiga y aleveQue con vana porfÃ a se atreviera a jurarQue al fragor de la guerra, en la lucha que aterra,PerderÃ amos patria y familia y hogar?Ã ¡Con su sangre lavara la verguenza inferidaDe su paso a la hulla por la tierra querida!Encontrar no podrÃ a un refugio el taimado,Que en su fuga oprobiosa la pudiera salvarDel terror de esa fuga, del morir angustiadoCon el ansia del triunfo que no pudo alcanzar.Mientras tanto tremola la estrellada banderaY triunfante, altanera,Sobre suelo de libres nos custodia el hogarSiempre asÃ , cuando altivo se levante el patriotaDefendiendo su suelo, su familia y su hogar. La radiante victoria lo circunde de gloria,Ã ¡Y bendiga al Eterno que lo hiciera triunfar!Y pues Dios nos asiste y la lucha es tan santa,Y el pendÃ ³n de la Patria nos alienta y levanta,Conservemos la Patria, el hogar que adoramos,Y adoptamos por lema, sacrosanto y sin par:Ã ¡Sea Dios nuestro guÃ a; en su apoyo confiamos! Ã ¡Justiciera es la causa que nos manda a luchar,Y el pendÃ ³n de la Patria, la estrellada bandera,Tremolando altanera,Sobre suelo de libres nos conserve el hogar!
Tuesday, February 18, 2020
Annotated Bibliography on the Use of Nuclear Weapons during WWII - Assignment Example Most of primary sources date back to the time when historical events happened. During world war two in 1945, the United States of America attacked Japan with several nuclear bombs. These bombs carry the names Ã¢â¬Ëlittle boyÃ¢â¬â¢ and Ã¢â¬Ëfat manÃ¢â¬â¢. Primary sources on the nuclear weapons reveal a lot of information on the effects of the bombs. Laurence, William. Ã¢â¬Å"NAGASAKI WAS THE CLIMAX OF THE NEW MEXICO TEST,Ã¢â¬ LIFE Vol.19 (13) (1945). 30-31. The Ã¢â¬ËLIFEÃ¢â¬â¢ magazine acts as a good primary source sine it was one of the magazines reporting on the happenings of the world war in 1945. The September 24, 1945 issue had a cover photo of military men in war. This photo gave the reader an insight on the then ongoing war. That was the second war that brought about the nuclear weapons. Laurence William authored the article, Ã¢â¬Å"NAGASAKI WAS THE CLIMAX OF THE NEW MEXICO TESTÃ¢â¬ . The author had the mandate of making official reporting on all proceedings of the trials and release of the atomic bombs and provides firsthand information of the release Ã¢â¬Å"Fat manÃ¢â¬â¢. Since he was among the crew of people dropping the bomb on Nagasaki, his article becomes very dependable. He expresses the thrill of the crew because they had every hope that the bombing of Nagasaki would be the end of the Second World War. He then elaborates the explosion of the radioactive bomb, giving details, of the effects on the city and land. He describes the resulting crater, the flashing of the atomic light, the uprising of dust-like fire that he calls a new living thing. The article captures the attention of the reader because it has an illustration of the real damage on the ground. It paints a picture of the massive impact of atomic power. He must have written the article to narrate the experience to the United States audience. This bomb marked the end of the Second World War and a clear description of the exact bombing mission was of great interest to the American public. The article paints a picture of the atomic explosion that marked the end of the war but remains in history for its effects. Marshak, R. E., Nelson, E. C. and Schiff, L. I. Ã¢â¬Å"Atomic Bomb Damage-Japan and USA,Ã¢â¬ Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, Vol. 1 (10) (1946). 6. The bulletin of atomic scientists is another valuable primary source that contains articles on the breakthroughs in atomic science. The May 1, 1946 issue elaborated the potential of the atomic bomb. Marshak, Nelson, and Schiff describe the destructive causes of the atomic bomb. The authors give details of how the blast, heat, gamma rays, and byproducts on the ground cause destruction. According to the authors, the blast causes collapse of buildings while the heat or fire can result to burns. In addition, the gamma rays cause devastating effects to the people and to objects on the ground. The Bulletin of the atomic scientists aims at updating the public on development in nuclear weapon developm ent and this is the reason why the authors elaborate their facts in understandable terms. Cate, James, United States Air Force , Air Historical Group, United States, USAF Historical Division, Officer of Air force History. The Army Air Forces in World War II: Plans and early operations, January 1939 to August 1942, (Pennsylvania: DIANE Publishing, 1948), 1-7. This is a book written by Cate James and different offices of the United States